How do you Stop Melasma from Spreading?
June 24, 2024

How do you Stop Melasma from Spreading?

Melasma typically appears on areas of the face that are exposed to the sun. So, it can form on your cheeks, forehead, nose, or even the upper lip.

As of the time of writing this article, still the exact cause of melasma is not fully understood. However, it is believed to be related to hormonal changes, sun exposure, and genetics.

Melasma is more common in women and people with darker skin tones. When seeking treatment to prevent and cure melasma, usually the focus is on clearing the imperfections to restore confidence and self-esteem as melasma does not cause any other symptoms aside from the cosmetic discoloration.

On this page, we answer the question; how do you stop melasma from spreading? But first;


What can make Melasma Worse?

Dealing with melasma can be stressful because despite your best efforts, the condition can sometimes only seem to be getting worse. If you've been or you're in this situation, you may constantly wonder; what is making my melasma worse?

The answer is; there are several issues that may keep triggering your melasma or just keep making it worse. Key among the issues that could be making your melasma worse include; hormonal changes, the medications/supplements you're using, extensive sun exposure, your skincare products or skin injuries.

  • Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations like those experienced during pregnancy can trigger or worsen melasma. Also, using birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for menopause can make your melasma worse. These changes are linked to worsening melasma because they stimulate melanocytes, cells that produce melanin, leading to increased pigmentation in the affected areas.
  • Certain Medications: Some medications, including corticosteroids, anticonvulsants, and thyroid medications, have been linked to exacerbating melasma. If you're taking these medications and you notice changes in your skin pigmentation, you may need to discontinue or change them. Don't just discontinue the medications blindly though. Consult your provider for guidance.
  • Sun Exposure: Sun exposure is a major trigger for melasma as the UV rays are known to stimulate melanocytes. This UV rays action may lead to increased melanin production and darkening of existing patches. To prevent worsening of melasma, wear sunscreen with a high SPF daily. Also, seek shade, and wear protective clothing and hats when outdoors.
  • Certain Skincare Products: Some cosmetics and skincare products can contain ingredients that irritate the skin and worsen melasma. Look for products labeled "non-comedogenic" and "fragrance-free." If you notice darkening or irritation after using a new product, discontinue use and consult a dermatologist.
  • Skin Injuries: Skin injuries, like sunburns or abrasions, for example can trigger or worsen melasma. Protect your skin by avoiding excessive sun exposure and using protective clothing and sunscreen. Promptly treat any skin injuries to reduce the risk of developing or worsening melasma in affected areas.

How do you Stop Melasma from Spreading?

Proper management for melasma begins by stopping it from spreading. If this is something you're trying to achieve, one of the key questions you may have for your dermatologist or cosmetic doctor is; how do you stop melasma from spreading?

To stop melasma from spreading, all you got to do is to protect your skin from triggers like sunlight, tanning beds, and hormonal influences. In particular, you will want to avoid direct sun exposure and use sunscreen with SPF 30-50, reapplied every two hours to shield your skin.

To ensure additional protection, it may also help to get yourself a hat with wide brim. Keeping in mind that hormonal changes like those caused by certain birth control methods can make melasma worse, we recommend that you discuss alternative options with your provider.

Importantly, avoid harsh soaps and skincare products that can irritate your skin. Beyond avoiding triggers, you may also want to consider tailored treatments to clear melasma on your skin. For treatment, you may be recommended topical treatments for melasma.

In fact, when it comes to treatment, topical medications for melasma like hydroquinone, tretinoin, and corticosteroids, are often the first line of treatment. These medications work by inhibiting tyrosinase, an enzyme crucial for melanin production.

Since they reduce melanin formation, these medications gradually lighten the dark patches associated with melasma. It typically takes a few weeks to notice improvements, but the full effects may take several months of consistent use.

Depending on the sensitivity of your skin, you might experience reaction with some of these topical medications. So to minimize potential side effects like irritation or redness and to achieve the best treatment outcomes, be sure to follow your dermatologist's instructions carefully when using these medications.

If topical melasma treatment isn't applicable to you, there are still procedures that your cosmetic doctor or dermatologist can do to help improve your condition. These procedures include the use of chemical peels and light-based procedures.

Chemical Peels for Melasma

Chemical peels typically involve the application of a chemical solution to the skin to make that area of the skin to exfoliate and eventually peel off. This process promotes the growth of new skin cells.

The concept is to allow the regeneration of a new smoother skin that matches the surrounding skin tone. For melasma, chemical peels can help lighten the dark patches and improve overall skin appearance.

Results vary depending on the peel's strength and your skin's response. Multiple sessions may be needed for best results which mean that even for these peels, it is still important that you consult a dermatologist for personalized advice and treatment.

Light Based Procedures for Melasma

Light-based procedures work by targeting the melanin in the skin and then breaking it down into smaller particles that are then absorbed by the body. This helps to lighten the dark patches caused by melasma.

Examples of light based procedures that may be recommended for your melasma include; pulsed light (IPL), non-ablative fractionated lasers, and low fluence Q-switched lasers. As is the case with chemical peels, the results with light-based procedures may also vary depending on the type and severity of melasma, as well as individual skin characteristics. Multiple sessions may be needed for optimal results.

In Closing

The best way to stop melasma from spreading is to avoid the triggers. For the best more sustained results though, you may need to consult a specialist doctor for personalized treatment. To learn more about melasma treatment in Singapore and treatment, etc schedule an appointment with One Face Clinic at;

One Face Clinic - Pigmentation | Melasma | Acne Singapore

Orchid Hotel Singapore

1 Tras Link,

#02-01 Orchid Hotel Singapore,

Singapore 078867

+65 6222 2262